Pan Am Expo Vulcanite Encased Temple of Music
1901 brought the Pan American Exposition to Buffalo, NY. The Expo was a World's Fair, but this one was focused on the Americas. The Pan Am Expo is of particular interest as there were a large number of souvenirs sold. One of the most popular, due no doubt to the low price, was encased coins. It is currently thought that the encased cent made its debut there. With the availability of inexpensive aluminum for the encasement the encased cent was a born. Below is an example of one type.
The vulcanite encased from the Pan Am Expo are just a little different. The encasement is not aluminum but "vulcanite". What is vulcanite? It is a rubber compound also called "ebonite". The ebonite nomenclature comes from it being a substitute for ebony. It is made from vulcanized rubber that is 25-80% sulfur and linseed oil1. It is inexpensive and easily formed into a variety of shapes. For the souvenirs from the Pan Am Expo it was formed into a disc shape with a raised edge. The disc was approximately 38 mm in diameter and the raised edge was on both sides. As you can see from the example below, one side held a picture of one of the main attractions of the expo and the other had the Indian cent with a ring around it with "I AM NEVER BROKE /LUCKY SOUVENIR" and the smaller text "Patent Applied For". The picture on the one side was an image printed on a paper sticker and glued to the vulcanite.
With the "Temple of Music" piece the vulcanite was blue. The Temple of Music is the most famous building at the expo, as President McKinley was shot while on the steps in front of the Music Temple. The vulcanite pieces are rare, especially with the sticker intact and in good condition. The Indian cent is usually close to mint state and full red, as the edges of the encasement are raised on both obverse and reverse. I find it interesting that the color of the vulcanite varies on each piece. I am calling the coin side the obverse since the "heads" side of the coin is shown. As you can see on these pieces they were sold as a "Lucky Souvenir". These pieces are currently commanding between $150 and $375 on eBay if you can find them. In his Introduction to the 1901 Pan American Expo Series2, James M. Lawniczak lists seven varieties vulcanite encased:
Introduction to the 1901 Pan American Expo Series by James M. Lawniczak
Temple of Musicon rev.
Night View of Towerpictured (the Electrical Tower at night)
Frederick M. Lavin in his PANorAMa of the PAN=AM, an illustrated guide to souvenirs from the Pan=American Exposition of 1901 in Buffalo, NY, lists seven types of the vulcanite encased cents. Frederick explains about the vulcanite encased ...a much thicker hard plastic like substance covered with paper on the obverse and reverse; the penny is visible only on the obverse. The edges or rims come in different colors, red, blue, green, orange, yellow and tan; each reverse may come in each of the colors but only the ones which have been seen are listed. Each obverse is the same as follows:
List from Frederick M. Lavin's book
PANorAMa of the PAN=AM
As you can see, Jim lists 7 different Pan Am vulcanite types as does Frederick. Neither one lists the "IT'S UP TO YOU / GO AS FAR AS YOU LIKE / PAN-AMERICAN / BUFFALO". Both lists are identical in listing seven the same (7) slogans and/or images. Lavin in his book lists several colors for each piece, while Jim lists only one color. It is safe to say that there at least eight (8) different vulcanite encased from the Pan-Am Expo of 1901 without taking into account color varieties for each image or saying.
Pictured below are the "Temple of Music" - "It's Up To You Go as Far as You Like" /
Night View of the Tower -
You've Got to Show Me I am From
Government Building -
Triumphal Arch. I have not seen the PX-86/EC37. I do not have PX84/EC31 (Where does grass grow) or PX86/EC37 (Oh Fudge/ Forget It) and would like to add
an image of these pieces to the website, so if you have them please send me an image and I will post it and attribute it to you.
At the Pan American Exposition a number of encased cents were made using a vulcanite (hard plastic) encasement which had a sticker affixed to the reverse of the piece. Below are a number of examples. It is interesting to note that the color of the vulcanite varied. For additional information on encased from "The Pan American Expo" Click Here. (Hover for larger image)
Obverse of 1901 "It's Up to You" Encased Vulcanite.
Reverse of 1901 "It's Up to You" Encased Vulcanite.
Obverse of "Government Building" 1901 Souvenir Encased Vulcanite.
Reverse of "Government Building" 1901 Souvenir Encased Vulcanite.
Obverse of 1901 Encased Vulcanite - "You've Got To Show Me / I'm From Missouri / Pan-American Buffalo" (NY)-BUF-PX-85
Reverse of 1901 Encased Vulcanite - "You've Got To Show Me / I'm From Missouri / Pan-American Buffalo" (NY)-BUF-PX-85
Obverse of 1901 Vulcanite encased "Triumphal Arch" (NY)-(BUF)-PX-80
Reverse of 1901 Vulcanite encased "Triumphal Arch" (NY)-(BUF)-PX-80
Obverse of 1901 Vulcanite Encased "Night View of Tower (NY)-(BUF)-PX-83
Reverse of 1901 Vulcanite Encased "Night View of Tower (NY)-(BUF)-PX-83
Reverse Vulcanite Encased - Pan Am Temple of Music 1901 Pan Am Exposition, Buffalo, NY ((NY)-(BUF)-PX-81)
Obverse Vulcanite Encased - Pan Am Temple of Music 1901 Pan Am Exposition, Buffalo, NY ((NY)-(BUF)-PX-81)